ALLSOL

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science Chapter 2 Components of Food

Class 6 Science Chapter 2 Textbook Questions Answer Solved

Question 1. Name the major nutrients in our food.

Answer:- The major nutrients in our food are carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, minerals, and dietary fibers.

Question 2. Name the following:

(a) The nutrients which mainly give energy to our body.

(b) The nutrients that are needed for the growth and maintenance of our body.

(c) A vitamin required for maintaining good eyesight.

(d) A mineral that is required for keeping our bones healthy.

Answer:-

  1. a) Carbohydrates and fats
  2. b) Proteins and minerals
  3. c) Vitamin A
  4. d) Calcium

Question 3. Name two foods each rich in:

(a) Fats

(b) Starch

(c) Dietary fibre

(d) Protein

Answer:-

(a) Fats :- Ghee and Butter.

(b) Starch :- Potato and Rice

(c) Dietary fibre :- Whole grains and pulses.

(d) Protein :- Moong and soya beans

Question 4. Tick (√) the statements that are correct.

(a) By eating rice alone, we can fulfill nutritional requirement of our body. ( )

(b) Deficiency diseases can be prevented by eating a balanced diet. ( )

(c) Balanced diet for the body should contain a variety of food items. ( )

(d) Meat alone is sufficient to provide all nutrients to the body. ( )

Answer:-

(a) By eating rice alone, we can fulfill nutritional requirement of our body. ( X )

(b) Deficiency diseases can be prevented by eating a balanced diet. (√)

(c) Balanced diet for the body should contain a variety of food items. (√)

 (d) Meat alone is sufficient to provide all nutrients to the body. ( X )

Question 5. Fill in the blanks.

(a) ______________ is caused by deficiency of Vitamin D.

(b) Deficiency of ______________ causes a disease known as beri-beri.

(c) Deficiency of Vitamin C causes a disease known as ______________.

(d) Night blindness is caused due to deficiency of ____________ in our food.

Answer:-

(a) Rickets is caused by deficiency of Vitamin D.

(b) Deficiency of Vitamin B1 causes a disease known as beri-beri.

(c) Deficiency of Vitamin C causes a disease known as Scurvy.

(d) Night blindness is caused due to deficiency of Vitamin A in our food.