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NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Civics Chapter 4 Working Of Institutions

NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Civics Chapter 4 Working Of Institutions

NCERT Solutions For Class 9 Civics Chapter 4 Working Of Institutions

Exercise

Question:- 1 If you are elected as the President of India which of the following decision can you take on your own?

a ) Select the person you like as Prime Minister.

b ) Dismiss a Prime Minister who has a majority in Lok Sabha.

c ) Ask for reconsideration of a bill passed by both the Houses.

d ) Nominate the leaders of your choice to the Council of Ministers.

Answer:- c ) Ask for reconsideration of a bill passed by both the Houses.

 

 

 

 

Question:- 2 Who among the following is a part of the political executive?

a ) District Collector

b ) Secretary of the Ministry of Home Affairs

c ) Home Minister

d ) Director General of Police

Answer:- c ) Home Minister

 

 

 

Question:- 3 Which of the following statements about the judiciary is false?

a ) Every law passed by the Parliament needs approval of the Supreme Court

b ) Judiciary can strike down a law if it goes against the spirit of the Constitution

c ) Judiciary is independent of the Executive

d ) Any citizen can approach the courts if her rights are violated

Answer:– a ) Every law passed by the Parliament needs approval of the Supreme Court

 

 

 

Question:- 4 Which of the following institutions can make changes to an existing law of the country?

a ) The Supreme Court

b ) The President

c ) The Prime Minister

d ) The Parliament

Answer:- d ) The Parliament

 

 

 

Question:- 5 Match the ministry with the news that the ministry may have released:-

 

a

A new policy is being made to

increase the jute exports from

the country

i

Ministry of Defence

b

Telephone services will be made

more accessible to rural areas

ii

Ministry of Agriculture, Food

and Public Distribution

c

The price of rice and wheat sold

under the Public Distribution

System will go down.

iii

Ministry of Health

d

A pulse polio campaign will be

launched.

iv

Ministry of Commerce

and Industry

e

The allowances of the soldiers

posted on high altitudes will

be increased.

v

Ministry of Communications

and Information Technology

 

Answer:-

a

A new policy is being made to

increase the jute exports from

the country

i

Ministry of Commerce

and Industry

b

Telephone services will be made

more accessible to rural areas

ii

Ministry of Communications

and Information Technology

 

c

The price of rice and wheat sold

under the Public Distribution

System will go down.

iii

Ministry of Agriculture, Food

and Public Distribution

d

A pulse polio campaign will be

launched.

iv

Ministry of Health

e

The allowances of the soldiers

posted on high altitudes will

be increased.

v

Ministry of Defence

 

 

Question:- 6 Of all the institutions that we have studied in this chapter, name the one that exercises the powers on each of the following matters.

a ) Decision on allocation of money for developing infrastructure like roads, irrigation etc. and different welfare activities for the citizens

b ) Considers the recommendation of a Committee on a law to regulate the stock exchange

c )  Decides on a legal dispute between two state governments

d ) Implements the decision to provide relief for the victims of an earthquake.

Answer:-

  1. The executive (political)
  2. Parliament
  3. Supreme Court
  4. Executive (Permanent) civil servants

 

 

Question:- 7 Why is the Prime Minister in India not directly elected by the people? Choose the most appropriate answer and give reasons for your choice.

a ) In a Parliamentary democracy only the leader of the majority party in the Lok Sabha can become the Prime Minister.

b ) Lok Sabha can remove the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers even before the expiry of their term.

c ) Since the Prime Minister is appointed by the President there is no need for it.

d ) Direct election of the Prime Minister will involve lot of expenditure on election.

Answer:- a ) In a Parliamentary democracy only the leader of the majority party in the Lok Sabha can become the Prime Minister. This rule is in place to ensure that a party’s leader has a majority before becoming Prime Minister.

 

 

Question:- 8 Three friends went to watch a film that showed the hero becoming Chief Minister for a day and making big changes in the state. Imran said this is what the country needs. Rizwan said this kind of a personal rule without institutions is dangerous. Shankar said all this is a fantasy. No minister can do anything in one day. What would be your reaction to such a film?

Answer:- There is no provision for a man to be a CM for a single day. Any state can’t function without a proper institution. As a CM, he similarly relies on his council to make decisions and manage. A single day is insufficient to approve legislation, as all laws must be applied in a specific order.

 

 

Question:- 9 A teacher was making preparations for a mock parliament. She called two students to act as leaders of two political parties. She gave them an option: Each one could choose to have a majority either in the mock Lok Sabha or in the mock Rajya Sabha. If this choice was given to you, which one would you choose and why?

Answer:- Because the Lok Sabha is more powerful than the Rajya Sabha, I would prefer to have a majority there.

If neither house passes a bill, the final decision is made in a joint session in which members of both houses sit together, but because the Lok Sabha has a larger number of members, the Lok Sabha’s viewpoint is more likely to prevail.

On addition, the Lok Sabha has expanded its powers in financial matters. The Rajya Sabha cannot reject the government’s budget or any other money-related law passed by the Lok Sabha.

The Lok Sabha, above all, has jurisdiction over the Council of Ministers. The Council of Ministers must resign if a majority of members of the Lok Sabha vote against it, although the Rajya Sabha does not have this ability.

 

 

Question:- 10 After reading the example of the reservation order, three students had different reactions about the role of the judiciary. Which view, according to you, is a correct reading of the role of judiciary?

a ) Srinivas argues that since the Supreme Court agreed with the government, it is not independent.

b ) Anjaiah says that judiciary is independent because it could have given a verdict against the government order. The Supreme Court did direct the government to modify it.

c ) Vijaya thinks that the judiciary is neither independent nor conformist, but acts as a mediator between opposing parties. The court struck a good balance between those who supported and those who opposed the order.

Answer:-  b ) Anjaiah says that judiciary is independent because it could have given a verdict against the government order. The Supreme Court did direct the government to modify it.