Class 9th Geography Chapter 1 India Size and Location Notes


As indicated in the diagram below, India is fully located in the Northern Hemisphere.



The land spans the latitudes of 8°4’N and 37°6’N, as well as the longitudes of 68°7’E and 97°25’E.


India is divided into nearly two equal sections by the Tropic of Cancer (23° 30’N).




India’s entire area makes up around 2.4 percent of the world’s total geographical area. As a result, it is the world’s seventh biggest country in terms of area.




The length of India’s land border is approximately 15,200 kilometres.


The mainland’s coastline is 7,516.6 kilometres long, including the islands of Andaman and Nicobar and Lakshadweep.


In the northwest, north, and northeast, India is bordered by mountains. It begins to taper and stretches into the Indian Ocean south of 22° north latitude, separating it into two seas, the Arabian Sea on the west and the Bay of Bengal on the east.


The standard time for India is taken along the Standard Meridian of India (82°30’E) passing through Mirzapur (in Uttar Pradesh).


The Extent of India and the Standard Meridian are depicted on the map below.




India and the Rest of the World


The Indian subcontinent is at the crossroads of East and West Asia. India is the Asian continent’s southernmost outpost. The trans-Indian Ocean routes link the countries of Western Europe with those of East Asia. No other country in the Indian Ocean has a coastline as long as India. India’s interactions with the rest of the world have lasted through the ages. Spices, muslin, and other goods were exported from India to many nations. Different areas of India, on the other hand, show the influence of Greek sculpture and architectural forms such as domes and minarets from West Asia.




Neighbors of India


There are 29 states in India, as well as seven Union Territories. India shares land borders with the following countries:




In the northwest, Pakistan and Afghanistan are located.


In the north, China (Tibet), Nepal, and Bhutan


In the east, Myanmar and Bangladesh


The two island republics of Sri Lanka and the Maldives are the two southern neighbours across the sea. India and her neighbours have always had strong geographical and historical ties.