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NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 15 Light

NCERT Solutions for Class 7 Science Chapter 15 Light

Exercises

Question:- 1. Fill in the blanks:

(a) An image that cannot be obtained on a screen is called ____________.

(b) Image formed by a convex __________ is always virtual and smaller in size.

(c) An image formed by a __________ mirror is always of the same size as that of the object.

(d) An image which can be obtained on a screen is called a _________ image.

(e) An image formed by a concave ___________ cannot be obtained on a screen.

Answer:- (a) An image that cannot be obtained on a screen is called virtual image

(b) Image formed by a convex mirror is always virtual and smaller in size.

(c) An image formed by a plane mirror is always of the same size as that of the object.

(d) An image which can be obtained on a screen is called a real image.

(e) An image formed by a concave lens cannot be obtained on a screen.

Question:- 2. Mark ‘T’ if the statement is true and ‘F’ if it is false:

(a) We can obtain an enlarged and erect image by a convex mirror. (T/F)

(b) A concave lens always form a virtual image. (T/F)

(c) We can obtain a real, enlarged and inverted image by a concave mirror. (T/F)

(d) A real image cannot be obtained on a screen. (T/F)

(e) A concave mirror always form a real image. (T/F)

Answer:- a) False

  1. b) True
  2. c) True
  3. d) False
  4. e) False

Question:- 3. Match the items given in Column I with one or more items of Column II.

   Column I                                                                     

Column II

(a) A plane mirror

(i) Used as a magnifying glass.

(b) A convex mirror

(ii) Can form image of objects spread over a large area.

(c) A convex lens

(iii) Used by dentists to see enlarged image of teeth.

(d) A concave mirror

(iv) The image is always inverted and magnified.

(e) A concave lens

(v) The image is erect and of the same size as the object.

 

(vi) The image is erect and smaller in size than the object.

Answer:-

   Column I                                                                     

Column II

(a) A plane mirror

(v) The image is erect and of the same size as the object.

(b) A convex mirror

(ii) Can form image of objects spread over a large area.

(c) A convex lens

(i) Used as a magnifying glass.

(d) A concave mirror

(iii) Used by dentists to see enlarged image of teeth.

(e) A concave lens

 

(vi) The image is erect and smaller in size than the object.

 

Question:- 4. State the characteristics of the image formed by a plane mirror.

Answer:- Following are the Characteristics of the image formed by a plane mirror:-

  1. The distance of Image is equal to the distance of object.
  2. The size of object is equal to the size of image.
  3. The image formed is always erect and virtual
  4. Images are laterally inverted.( i.e our right look left in plane mirror)

 

Question:- 5. Find out the letters of English alphabet or any other language known to you in which the image formed in a plane mirror appears exactly like the letter itself. Discuss your findings.

Answer:- A, H, I, M, O, T, U, V, W, X, Y.

 

Question:- 6. What is a virtual image? Give one situation where a virtual image is formed.

Answer:- The image that we cannot obtain on a screen is called a virtual image. The image formed by a plane mirror is virtual image.

 

 

Question:- 7. State two differences between a convex and a concave lens.

Answer:- 

              Convex Lens

Concave Lens

They are thick in the middle and thin at the edge

They are Thin in the middle and thick at the edge

Image formed by them is real or virtual

Image formed by them is virtual

 

Question:- 8. Give one use each of a concave and a convex mirror.

Answer:- Concave mirrors are used by dentists to see an enlarged image of the teeth.

Convex mirrors are used as side view mirror in vehicles.

 

Question:- 9. Which type of mirror can form a real image?

Answer:-   Concave mirrors

 

Question:- 10. Which type of lens forms always a virtual image?

Answer:- Concave lens.

 

Choose the correct option in questions 11–13

Question:- 11. A virtual image larger than the object can be produced by a

(i) concave lens                         (ii) concave mirror

(iii) convex mirror                     (iv) plane mirror

Answer:- (ii) concave mirror

 

Question:- 12. David is observing his image in a plane mirror. The distance between the mirror and his image is 4 m. If he moves 1 m towards the mirror, then the distance between David and his image will be

(i) 3 m                     (ii) 5 m

(iii) 6 m                    (iv) 8 m

Answer:- (iii) 6 m                    

 

Question:- 13. The rear view mirror of a car is a plane mirror. A driver is reversing his car at a speed of 2 m/s. The driver sees in his rear view mirror the image of a truck parked behind his car. The speed at which the image of the truck appears to approach the driver will be

(i) 1 m/s                        (ii) 2 m/s

(iii) 4 m/s                     (iv) 8 m/s

Answer:- (iii) 4 m/s