NCERT Solutions for class 6 Social Studies History Chapter 10 New Empires and Kingdoms

NCERT Solutions for class 6 Social Studies History Chapter 10 New Empires and Kingdoms

NCERT Solutions for class 6 Social Studies History Chapter 10 New Empires and Kingdoms

Let’s recall

Question 1. State whether true or false:

(a) Harishena composed a prashasti in praise of Gautamiputra Shri Satakarni.

(b) The rulers of Aryavarta brought tribute for Samudragupta.

(c) There were twelve rulers in Dakshinapatha.

(d) Taxila and Madurai were important centres under the control of the Gupta rulers.

(e) Aihole was the capital of the Pallavas.

(f) Local assemblies functioned for several centuries in south India.


  • (a) True
  • (b) True
  • (c) False
  • (d) False
  • (e) False
  • (f) True

Question 2. Mention three authors who wrote about Harshavardhana.

Answer:- Three authors who wrote about Harshavardhana:-

  1. Banabhatta
  2. Xuanzang (Hsuan Tsang)
  3. Hiuen Tsang (Faxian)

Question 3. What changes do you find in the army at this time?

Answer:- The changes in the army at this time are :-

  1. The king or other the ruler had an army that was always present. This was efficiently planned.
  2. Soldiers employed a variety of weaponry, including battle axes, arrows, spikes, spears, javelins, barbed arrows, long arrows, and spears.
  3. In the royal ground, foot soldiers were employed alongside elephants, chariots, and cavalry.
  4. In addition, the king had access to military leaders who would send troops his way as needed. They received no regular pay. Some of them, though, were given land concessions. They obtained income from the land and utilised it to support soldiers and horses as well as buy weapons and other supplies for battle. They were referred to as Samantas. Samantas attempted to become independent while the ruler was frail.

Question 4. What were the new administrative arrangements during this period?


  1. Kings took a variety of actions to gain the favour of men who were strong either politically, militarily, socially, or economically.
  2. Now, certain key administrative positions were inherited. In other words, sons assumed these positions after their fathers. For instance, the poet Harishena, like his father, was a maha-danda-nayaka, or chief justice.
  3. One person has occasionally held several offices. For instance, in addition to being a Maha-danda-nayak, Harishena served as both a minister of war and peace and an important minister known as a Kumar-amatya.
  4. Furthermore, influential men undoubtedly had a say in local government. Among them were the nagara-shreshthi, the city’s chief banker or trader, the Sarthavaha, the caravan leader, the Prathama-Kulika, the top craftsman, and the head of the Kayasthas or scribes.

Let’s discuss

Question 5. What do you think Arvind would have to do if he was acting as Samudragupta?

Answer:- Arvind would have to do the following things if he was (were) acting as Samudragupta:

  1. He had to march gravely while wearing magnificent clothes, twirl his moustache, and aggressively swing the sword that was wrapped in silver paper.
  2. He was required to read poetry, play the veena, and sit on the throne.
  3. He had to engage in numerous conflicts.
  4. He had to preserve and support the Sanskrit poet Harishena in his court.

Question 6. Do you think ordinary people would have read and understood the prashastis? Give reasons for your answer.

Answer:- Since Sanskrit is not a language that most people speak on a daily basis, ordinary people could not have read and understood the prashastis.

Let’s do

Question 7. If you had to make a genealogy for yourself, who are the people you would include in it? How many generations would you like to show? Make a chart and fill it.

Answer:- If I had to make a genealogy for myself, I would like to include the following persons in it:

  1. Name of my great grandfather.
  2. Name of my grandfather.
  3. Name of my father and mother.
  4. The name/names of son or sons.
  5. The name/names of my grandchildren.

I would like to show the following five generations:

  1. Great Grandfather
  2. Grandfather
  3. Parents
  4. My own name
  5. Names of my son and grandson.

Question 8. How do you think wars affect the lives of ordinary people today?

Answer:- Today’s wars have the following effects on the lives of regular people:

  1. They are killed in great numbers.
  2. Their homes, businesses, and other property are destroyed.
  3. Wars lead to violence and social unrest.
  4. The government delays and disrupts development programmes and welfare initiatives that are undertaken for the sake of the populace’s wellbeing.
  5. Economic and other resources are wasted in war. In general, citizens paid greater taxes to the government.