NCERT Solutions for class 6 Geography Chapter 5 Major Domains of the Earth

NCERT Solutions for class 6 Geography Chapter 5 Major Domains of the Earth

NCERT Solutions for class 6 Geography Chapter 5 Major Domains of the Earth


Question 1. Answer the following questions briefly.

(a) What are the four major domains of the earth?

Answer:- Major Domains of the Earth

  1. Lithosphere
  2. Atmosphere
  3. Hydrosphere
  4. Biosphere


(b) Name the major continents of the earth.

Answer:-  Major continents of the Earth

  1. Asia
  2. Europe
  3. Africa
  4. North America
  5. South America
  6. Australia
  7. Antarctica


 (c) Name the two continents that lie entirely in the Southern Hemisphere.

Answer:- Two continents lying entirely in the Southern hemisphere are Australia and Antarctica.


 (d) Name the different layers of atmosphere.

Answer:-  The different layers of the atmosphere are listed below:

  1. Troposphere
  2. Stratosphere
  3. Mesosphere
  4. Thermosphere
  5. Exosphere


 (e) Why is the earth called the ‘blue planet’?

Answer:- The earth is called the blue planet. More than 71 percent of the earth is covered with water and 29 percent is with land.


 (f) Why is the Northern Hemisphere called the Land Hemisphere?

Answer:- The northern hemisphere is called the land hemisphere because a major part of the earth’s  landmass lies in it.


 (g) Why is the Biosphere important for living organisms?

Answer:- The Biosphere is important for living organisms because of the presence of 3 major components of life land, air and water living is possible here .


Question 2. Tick the correct answers.

(a) The mountain range that separates Europe from Asia is

(i) the Andes (ii) the Himalayas (iii) the Urals

Answer:- (iii) the Urals



(b) The continent of North America is linked to South America by

(i) an Isthmus (ii) a Strait (iii) a Canal

Answer:- (i) an Isthmus


(c) The major constituent of atmosphere by per cent is

(i) Nitrogen (ii) Oxygen (iii) Carbon dioxide

Answer:- (i) Nitrogen


(d) The domain of the earth consisting of solid rocks is

(i) the Atmosphere (ii) the Hydrosphere (iii) the Lithosphere

Answer:- (iii) the Lithosphere



(e) Which is the largest continent?

(i) Africa (ii) Asia (iii) Australia

Answer:- (ii) Asia


Question 3. Fill in the blanks.

(a) The deepest point on the earth is _____________ in the Pacific Ocean.

(b) The _____________ Ocean is named after a country.

(c) The _____________ is a narrow contact zone of land, water and air that supports life.

(d) The continents of Europe and Asia together are known as _____________.

(e) The highest mountain peak on the earth is _____________.


(a) Mariana Trench

(b) Indian

(c) Biosphere

(d) Eurasia

(e) Everest