Lal Bahadur Shastri was born in Mughal Sarai, Uttar Pradesh, India, on October 2, 1904. Sharda Prasad was his father’s name, and he was a schoolteacher. Ramdulari Devi was his mother’s name. When Lal Bahadur Shastri was barely a year old, his father died. He is the younger of two sisters. Ramdulari Devi brought him and his two sisters to her father’s house after his father died and lived down there.
Marriage and Education
Lal Bahadur Shastri had always been honest and hardworking since he was a child. In 1926, Lal Bahadur Shastri received a first-class degree from the Kashi Vidyapeeth, and the title Shastri Scholar was bestowed upon him. During his childhood, Lal Bahadur Shastri developed values such as bravery, adventure, patience, self-control, courtesy, and selflessness. Lal Bahadur Shastri sacrificed his schooling in order to actively participate in the liberation movement.
Lalita Devi married Lal Bahadur Shastri. Lal Bahadur Shastri and his wife were both fortunate with six children. Kusum, Hari Krishna, Suman, Anil, Sunil, and Ashok were their children’s names.
Contribution to the Liberation Movement
When he was a child, Lal Bahadur Shastri was drawn to the national cause for independence. Gandhi’s remarks at the Banaras Hindu University’s foundation ceremony had a lasting impression on him. Following that, he became a devout devotee of Gandhi and eventually joined the independence cause. As a result, he had to spend a lot of time in jail. Lal Bahadur Shastri was a firm believer in self-sufficiency and self-reliance as pillars for the development of a strong nation. Lal Bahadur Shastri preferred to be remembered for his accomplishments rather than for his well-rehearsed speeches full of lofty promises. He was always opposed to the caste system, therefore he decided to drop his surname and take the Shastri surname after graduation.
Lal Bahadur Shastri’s Political Career
Lal Bahadur Shastri was given the responsibility of transport and home minister after India gained independence in 1947. He was appointed the Railway Ministry in 1952. When Jawaharlal Nehru died, Lal Bahadur Shastri took over as Prime Minister for a brief period of 18 months. After the victory over Pakistan in the 1965 war, he received his achievements. He died on January 11, 1966, after suffering a serious heart attack.
Lal Bahadur Shastri served as India’s second prime minister. He was a remarkable guy and a brilliant leader, and he was honored with the “Bharat Ratna.” He coined the phrase “Jai Jawan, Jai Kissan.” Lal Bahadur Shastri put his time to good use by reading social reformers and western intellectuals. He had always been opposed to the “dowry system,” and hence refused to accept dowry from his father-in-law. Lal Bahadur Shastri addressed numerous basic issues like as food scarcity, unemployment, and poverty. Shastri requested the experts to come up with a long-term solution to the severe food crisis. This was the start of the well-known “Green Revolution.” Lal Bahadur Shastri was a man of few words.
Following the Chinese incursion of 1962, India was attacked by Pakistan again in 1965, during Shastri’s tenure, and Lal Bahadur Shastri shown his mettle by making it clear that India would not sit by and watch. “Force will be confronted with force,” he added while allowing the Security Forces to counterattack. First as Minister of Transport and Communications, then as Minister of Commerce and Industry, Lal Bahadur Shastri served in two capacities. In 1961, he was the Minister of Home Affairs, and he established the “Committee on Corruption Prevention,” led by K. Santhanam.
Lal Bahadur Shastri was also noted for his honesty, simplicity, and patriotism. India has suffered the loss of a great leader. He had endowed India with brilliance and integrity. His demise remained a mystery. Lal Bahadur Shastri was a member of the Indian National Congress. He held nationalist, liberal, and right-wing political ideologies. Hinduism is the religion of Lal Bahadur Shastri. Self-sufficiency and self-reliance were always the cornerstones on which he built a powerful nation.