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Gender

The words which classify a noun or pronoun as feminine, masculine or neuter are called gender.

Types of Gender

There are Four kinds of Gender in English grammar

  1. Masculine
  2. Feminine
  3. Neuter
  4. Common

 

DEFINITION OF MASCULINE GENDER

Masculine Nouns are nouns that are masculine in nature.

The masculine gender refers to a noun that refers to a male person or animal.

For example:- boy, king, and bull.

 

DEFINITION OF FEMININE GENDER

The feminine gender refers to a noun that refers to a female person or animal.

For example:- “girl,” “queen,” and “cow” come to mind.

 

DEFINITION OF NEUTER GENDER

A neuter gender noun is one that denotes something that is neither male nor female.

For example:-  a leaf, a fruit, a pencil, and a piece of paper.

 

DEFINITION OF COMMON GENDER

The term “common gender” refers to a noun that can be used to describe both male and female gender.

For example:- Person, father, enemy, servant, and neighbour.

How to make Feminine from Masculine gender.

 

  1. By changing the word entirely

 

Masculine

Feminine

Boy

Girl

Brother

Sister

Bull

Cow

Bridegroom

Bride

Buck

Doe

Bachelor

Maid/spinster

Bullock

Heifer

Boar

Sow

Cock

Hen

Colt

Filly

Dog

Bitch

Drake

Duck

Drone

Bee

Father

Mother

Fox

Vixen

Gentleman

Gentle Lady

Gander

Goose

Horse

Mare

Hart

Roe

Hero

Heroine

Husband

Wife

King

Queen

Lad

Lass

Lord

Lady

Man

Woman

Male

Female

Nephew

Niece

Pappa/Dadd

Mamma

Monk

Nun

Ram

Ewe

Sir

Madame

Stallion

Mare

Stag

Hind

Son

Daughter

Tailor

Seamstress

Uncle

Aunt

Widower

Widow

Wizard

Witch

 

  1. By adding “ess” to the masculine noun without changing the original word.

 

Masculine

 

Feminine

 

Author

Baron

Count

Giant

God

Host

Heir

Jew

Lion

Prince

Peer

Patron

Priest

Shepherd

Manager

Poet

Tutor

Steward

 

Authoress

Baroness

Countess

Giantess

Goddess

Hostess

Heiress

Jewess

Lioness

Princess

Peeress

Patroness

Priestess

Shepherdess

Manageress

Poetess

Tutoress

Stewardess

 

 

 

  1. By adding “ess” after dropping the vowel of the last syllable of the masculine.

 

Masculine

Feminine

Actor

Benefactor

Conductor

Director

Doctor

Enchanter

Hunter

Instructor

Inspector

Governor

Songster

Tiger

Traitor

Waiter

Porter

Actress

Benefactress

Conductress

Directress

Doctress

Enchantress

Huntress

Instructress

Inspectress

Governess

Songstress

Tigress

Traitress

Waitress

Portress

 

  1. -By joining – “ess” in a less regular way

 

Masculine

Feminine

Abot

Duke

Emperor

Master

Master

Mr.            

Murderer

Marquis

Sorcerer

Abotess

Duchess

Empress

Mistress

Miss

Mrs.

Murderess

Marchioness/Marquess

Sorceress

 

  1. By adding a feminine word with masculine part of the compound noun

 

 

Masculine

 

Feminine

 

Duck-rabbit

He goat

Bull-calf

Cock-sparrow

Billy goat

Jack-ass

Brother-in-law

Father-in-law

Son-in-law

Mankind

Man-servant

Male-servant

Male-child

Boy-baby

Doe-rabbit

She goat

Cow-calf

Hen-sparrow

Nanny goat

She-ass

Sister-in-law

Mother-in-law

Daughter-in-law

Womankind

Maid-servant

Female-servant

Female-child

Girl-baby

 

 

6.-By changing the second part of the compound noun.

 

 

Masculine

Feminine

School-master

Washer man

Milkman

Beggar man •

Fisherman

Gentleman

God-father

Foster-father

Step-brother

Grandfather

Pea-cock

Landlord

School-mistress

Washerwoman

Milkmaid

Beggar woman

Fisherwoman

Gentlewoman

God-mother

Foster-mother

Step-sister

Grandmother

Pea-hen

Landlady

 

  1. The following modes of distinction between masculine and feminine are exceptional.

 

Masculine

 

Feminine

 

Masculine

 

Feminine

 

Bridegroom Widower

 

bride widow

 

Fox

 

vixen

 

 

 

  1. Masculine and feminine forms of some common genders.

 

Common

Masculine

Feminine

Child

Calf

Deer

Sheep

Cat

Pig

Fowl

Horse

Parent

Person

Student

Teacher

Spouse

Servant

Orphan Boy

Monarch

Son, Boy

Bullock

hart, Stag

Ram

Male cat

Boar

Cock

Stallion

Father

Man

Male student

Male teacher

Husband

Man-servant

without parents

King/Emperor

Girl, Daughter

Heifer

Roe, Hind

Ewe

Female cat

Sow

Hen

Mare

 Mother

 Woman

Female/Girl student

Female teacher

Wife

Male-servant

Girl without parents Queen/Empress

  1. The following nouns of common gender take males before them to form masculine and females to form feminine.

Common

 

Masculine

 

Feminine

 

bird

male bird

 

female bird

 

cousin

 

male cousin

 

female cousin

 

enemy

 

male enemy

 

female enemy

 

baby

 

male baby

 

female baby

 

infant

 

male infant

 

female infant

 

pupil

 

male pupil

 

female pupil

 

scholar

 

male scholar

 

female scholar

 

friend

 

male friend

 

female friend

 

singer

 

male singer

 

female singer