Figure of Speech

Definition of Figure of Speech :-  A figure of speech is a word or phrase that has a different meaning from its literal definition.

Types of figure of speech.

1. Alliteration

Alliteration is that figure of speech in which the beginning sound of neighbouring words are same.

For Example:-

  1. Come and clean the towels in your closet.
  2. Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers.
  3. Sally sells seashells by the seashore.

2. Anaphora

The figure of speech in which multiple phrases or verses begin with the same word or words.

For Example:-

  1. I am awake, I am strong, I am ready.
  2. Every Breath You Take Every Move You Make Every Bond you break every step You take I’ll be watching you

3. Assonance

assonance is that part of speech in which repetition of similar vowel sound take place in two or more words in a sentence.

For Example:- 

  1. Son of gun.
  2. Stranger danger.
  3. Cock of the walk.
  4. Good night sleep tight don’t
  5. Let the bedbugs bite.
  6. The cat is out of bag.

4. Euphemism

Euphemism is a that figure of speech in which agreeable or inoffensive words replaced the Rude or offensive ones.

For Example:-

  1. “Differently abled” instead of disabled.
  2. “She is between the jobs” instead of she is unemployed.
  3. “Passed away” instead of died.

5. Hyperbole

hyper Bole is that figure of speech in which something is described much bigger and better than it actually is or to make something sound much moredramatic.

For Example:-

  1. She is running faster than the wind.
  2. My husband is stronger than iron.
  3. I am so sad that I am drowning in tears.

6. Irony

irony is that figure of speech which is used to convey a meaning that is opposite of what is actually said.

There are three types of irony.

  1. verbal irony.
  2. situation irony.
  3. dramatic irony

For Example:- 

  1. Telling a rude customer to have a nice day is a verbal irony.
  2. a fire station that burns down is a situational irony.
  3. in a famous play of Romeo and Juliet The Reader knows that the Juliet is only sleeping not dead but Romeo doesn’t know about it and he kills himself is a dramatic irony.

7. Metaphor

metaphor is that figure of speech which compares two unlike things are ideas.

For Example:-

  1. Heart of Stone.
  2. Time is money.
  3. He is a night owl.

8. Onomatopoeia

onomatopoeia is a that part of speech in which words are actually sounding like the things they are referring to or describing

For Example:-

  1. The Boom of fire works.
  2. The Tik Tok of a clock.
  3. The buzz of the bee.

9. Oxymoron

oxymoron is that figure of speech in which two contradictory terms are used together.

For Example:-

  1. Amazingly awful.
  2. Bittersweet.
  3. Clearly confused.

10. Personification

personification is that figure of speech in which human qualities are given to non living things or ideas.

For Example:-

  1. Lightning danced across the sky.
  2. The trees danced back and forth in the field.

11. Simile

simile is that figure of speech which compares two different things in a very interesting way. Words like “like” or “as” use to draw a comparison.

For Example:-

  1. She is as innocent as Angel.
  2. As cold As Ice.
  3. As hot As Hell.

12. Synecdoche

synecdoche is that figure of the speech which occurs when apart is represented by the whole or conversely the whole is represented by the part.

For Example:-

  1. Check out my new wheels here wheels represent a car.

13. Understatement

an understatement is that figure of speech which occurs when something is said to show something less important or less serious.

For Example:-

  1. Referring to a large Dent when you say …….”It’s just a scratch”.

14. Pun

A pun is a that figure of speech which play with words, sometimes it’s play on different senses of the same words and sometime on the similar sense or sounds of different words.

For Example:-

  1. My cat sat on the desk near the computer to see the mouse.
  2. The tallest building in the town is the library, it has thousands of stories.

15. Paradox

Paradox is that figure of speech in which a sentence appears to contradict itself.

For Example:-

  1. Save money by spending it.
  2. Deep down, he was really shallow.

Leave a Comment