Avul Plair Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, well known as India’s Missile Man. He was India’s 11th President and an aerospace scientist. He was India’s president for five years (2002-2007). He was instrumental in the development of India’s nuclear and missile programmes. Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam Essay for Kids in English is available here.

Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam’s childhood

APJ Abdul Kalam was born in Rameswaram, Tamil Nadu, on October 15, 1931. He was born into a Muslim Tamil family. Abdul Kalam was the eldest of five brothers and sisters. Kalam has always aided his family since he was a child. From a young age, he was captivated by the studies, particularly mathematics. Kalam has been recognised as a brilliant and dedicated student during his school days.


Abdul’s father’s name was Jainulabdeen, and he owned a boat in a nearby mosque. Ashiamma was his mother’s name, and she was a homemaker. Abdul is the youngest of five siblings, with four more siblings. Mohammed Muthu Meera Lebbai Maraikayar, Mustafa Kalam, Kasim Mohammed, and Asim Zohra are their names.

His forefathers and foremothers possessed a great deal of riches and property. His family was mostly a common merchant between Sri Lanka’s mainland and various islands, including Pamban Island. As a result, his family was awarded the titles “Mara Kalam Iyakkivar” and “Marakier.” However, his family’s business failed in 1920, and they lost the most of their money. Abdul Kalam’s family had fallen into disarray by the time he was born.

His Struggles and Education

Kalam was a conscientious and hardworking student who, according to his professors, has a strong desire to learn. He graduated from the Schwartz Higher Secondary School in Ramanathapuram with a matriculation certificate. He graduated from Saint Joseph’s College in Tiruchirappalli with a physics degree in 1955. After that, he travelled to Madras for additional studies, earning his aerospace engineering degree from Madras Institute of Technology.

His ambition to become a fighter pilot was dashed since the IAF only had eight seats available, and he came in ninth. He joined the “Defence Research and Development Service” after graduating and worked as a scientist for the “Aeronautical Development Establishment.”

Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam’s Failures and Success

Whether as a president or a scientist, Kalam made a significant contribution to our country. He worked under Vikram Sarabhai, a space scientist, while he was a member of the “INCOSPAR” committee. Kalam was given to ISRO in 1969. (Indian Space Research Organization). Abdul Kalam directed the project Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-III), which was one of the country’s most important projects.

He was the project’s leader. Under Kalam’s supervision, the “Rohini” satellite was successfully launched into near-Earth orbit by SLV-III in July 1980. Although “Project Valiant” and “Project Devil” were not successful in 1970, “Project Devil” was instrumental in the establishment of the “Prithvi Missile” in 1980. He took the lead in the “Integrated Guided Missile Development Program” (IGMDP), for which he had to become the Director of the Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) in 1983. He created Prithvi and Agni as part of this task.

In May 1998, he had one of his most significant achievements: he played a key part and led the team in India’s “Pokhran-II” nuclear tests. After the tests were successful, he became a national hero, and his popularity skyrocketed.

In 2002, the NDA (National Democratic Alliance) nominated Kalam as India’s presidential contender, and he eventually became President. He was President of India for five years, until July 25, 2007, when he was succeeded by the 11th President of India. He had a unique work style and a strong relationship with people, particularly the youth, throughout his presidency.

That is why he was dubbed “President of the People.” The most difficult duty he had during his term, according to him, was signing the “Office of Profit Bill.” He had to deal with a lot of backlash as a result of some of his judgments.

When he proposed the president’s rule in Bihar, he sparked outrage. Another occasion he was chastised was when he did not act on mercy requests, signing only one of twenty-one.

After his presidential term ended, Abdul Kalam became a visiting lecturer. He taught in the “Indian Institute of Management” (IIM) Ahmadabad, “Indian Institute of Management” (IIM) Indore, and “Indian Institute of Management” (IIM) Shillong as a visiting professor. He became a professor of Aerospace Engineering at Anna University, where he also taught information technology.

He worked at the “Indian Institute of Information Technology” (IISc) in Bangalore and Thiruvananthapuram for several years. He also taught Information Technology at Bananas Hindu University and the “International Institute of Information Technology” (IIIT) in Hyderabad.

He shared his knowledge with a number of other academic institutions across India. In 2012, Kalam launched the “What Can I Give Movement,” a youth-led initiative to combat corruption and increase efficiency.

Achievements and Awards

During his lifetime, Kalam received several honours. He was given the “Padma Bhusan” in 1981, which is the Republic of India’s third-highest civilian honour. In 1990, he was granted the Padma Vivushan, India’s second highest civilian honour.

In 1997, the Indian government gave Abdul Kalam the “Bharat Ratna,” the Republic of India’s highest civilian honour, as well as the “Indira Gandhi Award for National Integration,” named after former President Indira Gandhi. He got the “Veer Savarkar Award” the next year, in 1998.

Then, in the year 2000, he received the SASTRA’s “Ramanujan Award” (Shanmugha Arts, Science, Technology and Research Academy). In 2007, he received the British accolade “King Charles II Medal” for his contribution to India’s scientific advancements. He received the “Hoover Medal” in 2009, which is an American honour given to excellent people who have performed extra-curricular activities. Without mentioning his many accomplishments, an APJ Abdul Kalam essay would be incomplete. When writing an essay on APJ Abdul Kalam, remember to mention this.

APJ Abdul Kalam was noted for several awe-inspiring moments during his life. He was renowned as India’s missile man because he was the chief architect and brains behind the Pokhran II nuclear tests. He was recognised as India’s 11th president. He was also well-known for his work on ballistic and other missile development. He was well-known for his ties to the younger generations.

Contribution to India

He has done a lot for India, from scientific contributions to president contributions. India’s first indigenous satellite launch vehicle was developed under his leadership. Dr. Kalam was the director when Project Devil and Project Valiant were developed, and while they were not successful, they did provide us the Agni and Prithvi missiles, which were designed by Kalam.

He was the mastermind behind the Pokhran II nuclear test, which earned India the status of nuclear power. In 2012, Kalam created a durable tablet computer for personnel in remote areas to use in medical situations. He and his colleagues are working on lightweight orthosis callipers to help children walk more comfortably.

Books Written by him and dedicated to him

Agni ki Udaan (1999), India 2020 (1998), Ignited Minds (2002), Naa Jeevana Gamanam (2013), Turning Points: A Journey Through Challenges (2012), Indominate Spirit (2006), and You Are Born To Blossom are just a few of the numerous works he published during his career (2008). You can include them in your APJ Abdul Kalam essay, as well as some other writers who have devoted works to him, such as Arun Tiwari’s APJ Abdul Kalam and Srijan Pal Singh’s Advantage of India.


APJ Abdul Kalam was a kind man who performed many things for India without expecting anything in return. He is the reason we now have nuclear weapons. He not only became President and accomplished a lot of good for India, but he also made a significant contribution to missile history. We have everything you’ll need to compose a fantastic APJ Abdul Kalam essay right here.