Definition|Meaning of adjective :- An adjective modifies, qualifies or describes a noun or pronoun.
- Green, quick, Slow, happy, sad, confused, and obnoxious etc….
For example :
- Pankaj is a smart boy
- She is a naughty girl.
- The weather is pleasant.
- Each candidate is honest.
Types/ Kinds of Adjectives with examples
There are Eight types of adjectives:-
- Adjective of quality
- Proper Adjective
- Adjective of Quantity
- Adjective of Number
- Demonstrative Adjective
- Distributive Adjective
- Interrogative Adjective
- Possessive Adjective
Adjective of quality
- Adjectives that show the quality or kind of persons or things, e.g. An honest man.
Adjective of quality can further be divided into two ways :-
a.) Attributive use:- When an adjective is used before noun in a sentence, it is said to be used attributively.
E.g. Akhbar was a great king.
Here Great is used before the noun (King), so it is attributive.
b.) Predicative use:- When an adjective is used after verb in a sentence, it is said to be used predictively.
E.g. The dish is sweet.
Here sweet is used after the verb (is), so it is predicative.
- An adjective which is formed from a proper noun is called Proper adjective.
- Pankaj is Sachin Tendulkar of his team.
- Buddhist monastery, British rule.
Adjective of Quantity
- An adjective that shows how much of a thing is meant is called Adjective of Quantity.
- There is some milk in the jar.
- I have enough money to start my business.
- He has sufficient knowledge for the project.
Adjective of Number
- An adjective that shows how many persons or things are meant or in what order a person or thing stands are called adjective of numbers.
Adjective of Numbers are of two type:-
1. Definite Adjective
2. Indefinite Adjective
- a. Cardinal Adjective
- b. Ordinal Adjective
Definite :- It denotes an exact number.
e.g. Five girls, Seventh Class.
Indefinite :- It does not denote an exact number.
e.g. Few pens, several players.
a.) Cardinal Adjective:- Definite numbers like one, two, three, fooour are cardinal adjectives.
b.) Ordinal Adjective :- Definite order like first, second, last are ordinal adjectives.
- The adjective that point out which person or thing is meant is called Demonstrative adjective.
- This girl is good.
- That bok is new.
- These dresses are red.
- The adjective which refers to each one of the number is known as distributive adjective.
- Each candidates is honest.
- Every girl is present today.
- Each boy took the test.
- What, which and whose are interrogative adjectives when they are used with a noun.
- What colour is your school uniform?
- Which room is hers?
- Whose pen is this?
- The adjective that shows possession is called possessive adjective.
- My book is interesting.
- This is her class.
- Your sister is adorable.